Demeter is the protector of the lands and the mother of all cereals, I mean grains! She is also the Greek goddess of fertility, harvest and agriculture. Her symbols are the torch, the bread and the cornucopia. Her Roman form is Ceres. Her children are Arion, an immortal horse, Persephone, goddess of Springtime and flowers, and Despoine, goddess of mysteries.
She is the second child of Kronos (Cronus) and Rhea, she has one older sister, Hestia, a younger sister, Hera, and three younger brothers, Hades, Poseidon and Zeus. When she was born, her father, Kronos, was really cruel and he swallowed her whole! He also swallowed her two sisters and her brothers, Hades and Poseidon, but when her youngest brother, Zeus, was born Rhea hid him in Crete. For more information on this, see Zeus.
Demeter is a very important goddess because she makes all the grains in the world grow, without her we would be missing a whole lot of food! I can’t imagine not having corn flakes for breakfast, can you?!
When Persephone was kidnapped by Hades and taken to the Underworld, and Zeus refused to help get her back (he did kind of agree to Hades taking Persephone in the first place, we think), Demeter showed the other Gods just how powerful she is. For a whole year, she cursed the earth and forbade it to bear any fruit or grains. Eventually, Zeus realised that the mortals would all die if the famine continued, and he wouldn’t receive anymore sacrifices. So, he put a stop to it and got Persephone back. For more info on this, see Persephone. Link coming soon.
So in other words, you better be nice to Demeter if you see her!