Hades is the supreme lord of the underworld! He is also the Greek god of the dead and riches. His symbols are Cerberus (his three-headed guard dog), the Cypress, his helmet of darkness (which was forged for him by three cyclopes and can turn him invisible) and the sceptre. He is married to Persephone, queen of the Underworld. His Roman form is Pluto.
He is the fourth child of Kronos (Cronus) and Rhea. He has three older sisters, Hestia, Demeter and Hera, and two younger brothers, Poseidon and Zeus. When he was born his father, Kronos, was really cruel, and he swallowed him whole, because he was afraid Hades might overthrow him. His father also swallowed his sisters and his brother Poseidon, however, when his youngest brother, Zeus was born Rhea hid him in Crete. For more information on this see Zeus.
After defeating Kronos, Zeus, Poseidon and Hades rolled the dice to see who would become the leader amongst them and how to divide the three parts of the world. Zeus got the highest roll so he became the leader of the universe and he chose the sky as his domain. Poseidon got the second highest roll and chose the sea as his domain and Hades (who was always the unluckiest), got the lowest roll and got the Underworld as his domain.
What happened when Hades kidnapped Persephone
Once Hades settled into the Underworld, he felt isolated. He fell in love with Persephone, goddess of springtime, daughter of Demeter. He decided to kidnap her while she was out picking flowers, he opened up a hole in the ground and took her to the Underworld. However, Persephone was Demeter’s favourite daughter, and when she found out about the kidnapping, she was furious, Demeter did not let ANY crops grow for months. After months of Persephone being stuck in the Underworld, Demeter still wasn’t letting any crops develop. So Hades was forced to release Persephone, but a gardener had seen her eat part of a pomegranate, and if you eat any food in the Underworld, you have to stay there forever! She then became Hades’ wife, and she is now the Queen of the Underworld. But, Demeter still wasn’t happy, eventually the gods decided that since Persephone ate one third of the pomegranate she should spend one third of her year in the Underworld, and two thirds of her year on the surface. While Persephone is in the Underworld, Demeter refuses to let the plants grow that’s why in winter crops don’t grow.