The Olympic Games is the world’s biggest sporting event, held every four years by a different country and city. You have the Summer Olympics, the Winter Olympics and also the Paralympic Games, an event for athletes with disabilities, which is also divided into a Summer and Winter Games. Since 1994, the Summer and Winter Olympic Games have been held separately and are alternated every two years.
The first Olympic Games was held around 776 BC, and it was held in Olympia in Greece, which it is how it got the name Olympic.
The events in 776 BC were sprints and horse racing. Other events were added later, like, running wearing full armour and chariot racing. Soon after, combat sports such as boxing and wrestling, were added. All events were held in a stadium.
The first modern Olympics was held in Athens, Greece, in 1896. In the opening ceremony, King Georgios the first and about 60,000 spectators welcomed 280 competitors, who would compete in 43 events which included weightlifting, wrestling, swimming, cycling, tennis, gymnastics and fencing.
The five rings (blue, black, red, yellow and green) was made in 1913 by Pierre de Coubertin. The rings stand for the five continents of the world that take part in the Games (South America and North America count as a single continent, and Antarctica doesn’t take part).
The 2016 Summer Olympics is being held from August 5th, to August the 21st, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The sports that are being played are; Archery, Badminton, Basketball, Boxing, Canoeing, Cycling, Diving, Fencing, Field hockey, Football, Golf, Gymnastics, Handball, Horse riding , Judo, Marathon, Modern pentathlon, Race walking, Rowing, Rugby, Sailing, Shooting and Swimming.
In total, The United States have won 2189 medals, which is more than any other country.
Which country do you think will win the most medals this year?